The last independent and comprehensive Agricultural Census was carried out on the territory of the Republic of Croatia from 1 to 15 June 2003. Prior to that, the Agricultural Census was conducted in 1960, while in 1969, it was conducted as a sample survey. In 1971, 1981, 1991, and 2001, agricultural censuses were included in the Population Census.

Since 2007, a sample-based structural survey of agricultural holdings has been conducted every three years (2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016).